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AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians
ABA Australian Breastfeeding Association
ABC airway, breathing, circulation
ABCD airway, breathing, circulation, dextrose
ABFP American Board of Family Practice
ABI ankle brachial index
ABO A, B and O blood groups
AC air conduction
AC acromioclavicular
ACAH autoimmune chronic active hepatitis
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
ACR albumin creatine ratio
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
AD aortic dissection
AD autosomal dominant
ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADT adult diphtheria vaccine
AF atrial fibrillation
AFI amniotic fluid index
AFP alpha-fetoprotein
AI aortic incompetence
AICD automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIIRA angiotension II(2) reuptake antagonist
AKF acute kidney failure
ALE average life expectancy
ALL acute lymphocytic leukaemia
ALP alkaline phosphatase
ALT alanine aminotransferase
ALTE apparent life-threatening episode
AMI acute myocardial infarction
AML acute myeloid leukaemia
ANA antinuclear antibody
ANCI antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
ANF antinuclear factor
a/n/v anorexia/nausea/vomiting
AP anterior–posterior
APF Australian pharmaceutical formulary
APH ante-partum haemorrhage
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
AR autosomal recessive
ARB Angiotension II receptor blocker
ARC AIDS-related complex
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARR absolute risk reduction
ART anti retroviral therapy
ASD atrial septal defect
ASIS anterior superior iliac spine
ASOT antistreptolysin 0 titre
AST aspartate aminotransferase
ATFL anterior talofibular ligament
AV atrioventricular
AVM arteriovenous malformation
AZT azidothymidine
BC bone conduction
BCC basal cell carcinoma
BCG bacille Calmette–Guérin
bDMARDs biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs
BMD bone mass density
BMI body mass index
BNP B-type natriuretic peptide
BOO bladder outlet obstruction
BP blood pressure
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
BPPV benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
BSE breast self-examination
Ca carcinoma
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
CAD coronary artery disease
CAP community acquired pneumonia
CBE clinical breast examination
CBT cognitive behaviour therapy
CCB calcium channel blocker
CCF congestive cardiac failure
CCP cyclic citrinullated peptide
CCT controlled clinical trial
CCU coronary care unit
CD4 T helper cell
CD8 T suppressor cell
CDT combined diphtheria/tetanus vaccine
CEA carcinoembryonic antigen
CFL calcaneofibular ligament
CFS chronic fatigue syndrome
cfu colony forming unit
CHC combined hormonal contraception
CHD coronary heart disease
CHF chronic heart failure
CI confidence interval
CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CJD Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
CK creatinine kinase
CK–MB creatinine kinase–myocardial bound fraction
CKD chronic kidney disease
CKF chronic kidney failure
CMC carpometacarpal
CML chronic myeloid leukaemia
CMV cytomegalovirus
CNS central nervous system
co compound
COAD chronic obstructive airways disease
COC combined oral contraceptive
COCP combined oral contraceptive pill
COMT catechol-O-methyl transferase
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COX cyclooxygenase
CPA cardiopulmonary arrest
CPAP continuous positive airways pressure
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPPD calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPS complex partial seizures
CR controlled release
CRD computerised reference database system
CREST calcinosis cutis; Raynaud's phenomenon; oesophageal involvement; sclerodactyly; telangiectasia
CRF chronic renal failure
CRFM chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria
CRH corticotrophin-releasing hormone
CR(K)F chronic renal (kidney) failure
CRP C-reactive protein
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CSFM chloroquine-sensitive falciparum malaria
CSIs COX-2 specific inhibitors
CSU catheter specimen of urine
CT computerised tomography
CTD connective tissue disorder
CTG cardiotocograph
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CVS cardiovascular system
CXR chest X-ray
DAA direct acting antivirals
DBP diastolic blood pressure
DC direct current
DDAVP desmopressin acetate
DDH developmental dysplasia of the hip
DDP dipeptidyl peptidase
DEXA dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
DHA docosahexaenoic acid
DHEA dihydroepiandrosterone
DI diabetes insipidus
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
DIDA di-imino diacetic acid
DIMS disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep
DIP distal interphalangeal
dL decilitre
DMARDs disease modifying antirheumatic drugs
DNA deoxyribose-nucleic acid
DOM direction of movement
DRE digital rectal examination
DRABC defibrillation, resuscitation, airway, breathing, circulation
drug bd—twice daily
dosage tid, tds—three times daily; qid—four times daily
ds double strand
DS double strength
DSM diagnostic and statistical manual (of mental disorders)
DU duodenal ulcer
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DVT deep venous thrombosis
DxT diagnostic triad
EAR expired air resuscitation
EBM Epstein–Barr mononucleosis (glandular fever)
EBNA Epstein–Barr nuclear antigen
EBV Epstein–Barr virus
ECC external chest compression
ECG electrocardiogram
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
ED emergency department
EDD expected due date
EEG electroencephalogram
ELISA enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
EMG electromyogram
ENA extractable nuclear antigen
EO ethinyloestradiol
EPA eicosapentaenoic acid
EPL extensor pollicis longus
EPS expressed prostatic secretions
ER external rotation
ESRF end-stage renal failure
ESR(K)F end stage renal (kidney) failure
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
esp. especially
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ET embryo transfer
ETT endotracheal tube
FAD familial Alzheimer disease
FAI femeroacetabular impingement
FAP familial adenomatous polyposis
FB foreign body
FBE full blood count
FDIU fetal death in utero
FDL flexor digitorum longus
FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FHL flexor hallucis longus
fL femto-litre (10−15)
FRAX fracture risk assessment tool
FRC functional residual capacity
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
FTA–ABS fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test
FTT failure to thrive
FUO fever of undetermined origin
FVC forced vital capacity
FXS fragile X syndrome
g gram
GA general anaesthetic
GABHS group A beta-haemolytic streptococcus
GBS Guillain–Barré syndrome
GCA giant cell arteritis
GESA Gastroenterological Society of Australia
GFR glomerular filtration rate
GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase
GHJ glenohumeral joint
GI glycaemic index
GIFT gamete intrafallopian transfer
GIT gastrointestinal tract
GLP glucagon-like peptide
GnRH gonadotrophin-releasing hormone
GO gastro-oesophageal
GORD gastro-oesophageal reflux
GP general practitioner
G-6-PD glucose-6-phosphate
GSI genuine stress incontinence
GU gastric ulcer
GV growth velocity
HAV hepatitis A virus
anti-HAV hepatitis A antibody
Hb haemoglobin
HbA haemoglobin A
anti-HBc hepatitis B core antibody
HBeAg hepatitis Be antigen
anti-HBs hepatits B surface antibody
HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HCV hepatitis C virus
anti-HCV hepatitis C virus antibody
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HDV hepatitis D (Delta) virus
HEV hepatitis E virus
HFA hydrofluoro alkane
HFM hand, foot and mouth
HFV hepatitis F virus
HGV hepatitis G virus
HHC hereditary haemochromatosis
HIDA hydroxy iminodiacetic acid
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HLA-B27 human leucocyte antigen
HMGCoA hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA
HNPCC hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer
HPV human papilloma virus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSIL high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
HSP Henoch–Schönlein purpura
HSV herpes simplex viral infection
H hypertension
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
ICE ice, compression, elevation
ICHPPC International Classification of Health Problems in Primary Care
ICS inhaled corticosteroid
ICS intercondylar separation
ICSI intracytoplasmic sperm injection
ICT immunochromatographic test
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IDU injecting drug user
IgE immunoglobulin E
IgG immunoglobulin G
IgM immunoglobulin M
IGRA interferon gamma release assay
IHD ischaemic heart disease
IHS International Headache Society
IM, IMI intramuscular injection
IMS intermalleolar separation
inc. including
INCS intranasal corticosteroids
INR international normalised ratio
IOC International Olympic Committee
IOFB intraocular foreign body
IP interphalangeal
IPPV intermittent positive pressure variation
IR internal rotation or immediate release
ITP idiopathic (or immune) thrombocytopenia purpura
IUCD intrauterine contraceptive device
IUGR intrauterine growth retardation
IV intravenous
IVF in-vitro fertilisation
IVI intravenous injection
IVP intravenous pyelogram
IVU intravenous urogram
JCA juvenile chronic arthritis
JVP jugular venous pulse
KA keratoacanthoma
KFT kidney function test
kg kilogram
KOH potassium hydroxide
KUB-scan kidney ureter bladder scan
LA local anaesthetic
LABA long acting beta agonist
LBBB left branch bundle block
LBO large bowel obstruction
LBP low back pain
LCR ligase chain reaction
LDH/LH lactic dehydrogenase
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LFTs liver function tests
LH luteinising hormone
LHRH luteinising hormone releasing hormone
LIF left iliac fossa
LLS lumbar spinal canal stenosis
LMN lower motor neurone
LNG levonorgestrel
LPC liquor picis carbonis
LRTI lower respiratory tract infection
LSD lysergic acid
LSIL low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
LUQ left upper quadrant
LUT lower urinary tract
LUTS lower urinary tract symptoms
LV left ventricular
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MAIS Mycobacterium avium intracellulare or M. sacrofulaceum
mane in morning
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MAST medical anti-shock trousers
MB myocardial base
mcg micrograms (also μg)
MCL medial collateral ligament
MCP metacarpal phalangeal
MCU microscopy and culture of urine
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MDI metered dose inhaler
MDMA methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MDR multi-drug resistant TB
MG myaesthenia gravis
MHT menopause hormone therapy
MI myocardial infarction
MIC mitral incompetence
MID minor intervertebral derangement
MMSE mini mental state examination
MND motor neurone disease
MRCP magnetic resonance cholangiography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
MS multiple sclerosis
MSM men who have sex with men
MSST maternal serum screening test
MSU midstream urine
MTP metatarsophalangeal
MVA motor vehicle accident
N normal
N saline normal saline
NAAT nucleic acid amplification technology
NAD no abnormality detected
NET norethisterone
NF neurofibromatosis
NGU non-gonococcal urethritis
NHL non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
NH&MRC National Health and Medical
Research Council
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NNT numbers needed to treat
NOAC new oral anticoagulants
nocte at night
NR normal range
NRT nicotine replacement therapy
NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer
NSU non-specific urethritis
NTT nuchal translucency test
NVDPA National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance
(o) taken orally
OA osteoarthritis
OCP oral contraceptive pill
OGTT oral glucose tolerance test
OSA obstructive sleep apnoea
OSD Osgood–Schlatter disorder
OT occupational therapist
OTC over the counter
PA posterior–anterior
PAN polyarteritis nodosa
Pap Papanicolaou
PBG porphobilinogen
PBS Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
pc after meals
PCA percutaneous continuous analgesia
PCB post coital bleeding
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
PCOS polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCP pneumocystitis pneumonia
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PCV packed cell volume
PD Parkinson disease
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
PDD pervasive development disorders
PEF peak expiratory flow
PEFR peak expiratory flow rate
PET pre-eclamptic toxaemia
PET positron emission tomography
PFO patent foramen ovale
PFT pulmonary function test
PGL persistent generalised lymphadenopathy
PH past history
PHR personal health record
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP proximal interphalangeal
PKU phenylketonuria
PLISSIT permission: limited information: specific suggestion: intensive therapy
PLMs periodic limb movements
PMDD premenstrual dysphoric disorder
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PMT premenstrual tension
PaO2 partial pressure oxygen (arterial blood)
POP plaster of Paris
POP progestogen-only pill
PPI proton-pump inhibitor
PPROM preterm premature rupture of membranes
PR per rectum
prn as and when needed
PRNG penicillin-resistant gonococci
PROM premature rupture of membranes
PSA prostate specific antigen
PSGN post streptococcal glomerulonephritis
PSIS posterior superior iliac spine
PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT prothrombin time
PTC percutaneous transhepatic
PTFL posterior talofibular ligament
PU peptic ulcer
PUO pyrexia of undetermined origin
PUVA psoralen + UVA
pv per vagina
PVC polyvinyl chloride
PVD peripheral vascular disease
qds, qid four times daily
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RACGP Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
RAP recurrent abdominal pain
RBBB right branch bundle block
RBC red blood cell
RCT randomised controlled trial
RF rheumatic fever
Rh rhesus
RIB rest in bed
RICE rest, ice, compression, elevation
RIF right iliac fossa
RPR rapid plasma reagin
RR relative risk
RRR relative risk reduction
RSD reflex sympathetic dystrophy
RSI repetition strain injury
RSV respiratory syncytial virus
RT reverse transcriptase
rtPA recombinant tissue plasminogen activator
RUQ right upper quadrant
s serum
SABA short-acting beta agonist
SAH subarachnoid haemorrhage
SARS severe acute respiratory distress syndrome
SBE subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBO small bowel obstruction
SBP systolic blood pressure
SC/SCI subcutaneous/subcutaneous injection
SCC squamous cell carcinoma
SCFE slipped capital femoral epiphysis
SCG sodium cromoglycate
SCLC small cell lung cancer
SERM selective estrogen receptor modulator
SIADH syndrome of secretion of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SIJ sacroiliac joint
SL sublingual
SLD specific learning disability
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SLR straight leg raising
SND sensorineural deafness
SNHL sensorineural hearing loss
SNPs single nucleotide polymorphisms
SNRI serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor
SOB shortness of breath
SLS salt-losing state
sp species
SPA suprapubic aspirate of urine
SPECT single photon emission computerised tomography
SPF sun penetration factor
SR sustained release
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
SSS sick sinus syndrome
statim at once
STI sexually transmitted infection
STD sodium tetradecyl sulfate
SUFE slipped upper femoral epiphysis
SVC superior vena cava
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
T3 tri-iodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
TA temporal arteritis
TB tuberculosis
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
tds, tid three times daily
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TFTs thyroid function tests
TG triglyceride
TIA transient ischaemic attack
TIBC total iron binding capacity
TM tympanic membrane
TMJ temporomandibular joint
TNF tissue necrosis factor
TOE transoesophageal echocardiography
TOF tracheo-oesophageal fistula
TORCH toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes virus
TPHA Treponema pallidum haemaglutination test
TSE testicular self-examination
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
TT thrombin time
TUE therapeutic use exemption
TUIP transurethral incision of prostate
TURP transurethral resection of prostate
TV tidal volume
U units
UC ulcerative colitis
U & E urea and electrolytes
UGIB upper gastrointestinal bleeding
μg microgram
UMN upper motor neurone
URT upper respiratory tract
URTI upper respiratory tract infection
US ultrasound
UTI urinary tract infection
U ultraviolet
VAS visual analogue scale
VBI vertebrobasilar insufficiency
VC vital capacity
VDRL Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory
VF ventricular fibrillation
VMA vanillylmandelic acid
VPG venous plasma glucose
VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococci
VSD ventricular septal defect
VT ventricular tachycardia
VUR vesicoureteric reflux
VVS vulvar vestibular syndrome
vWD von Willebrand's disease
WBC white blood cells
WBR white → blue → red
WCC white cell count
WHO World Health Organization
WPW Wolff–Parkinson–White
XL sex linked

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